Campbell’s hamster is one of five types of hamsters that can be kept as a pet. It is often confused with the Russian hamster, although the two species are very different, each with their own characteristics. Let’s get to know this little rodent, its way of life, its needs and the ideal habitat that needs to be offered to it so that it can live in captivity in the best conditions.
Campbell’s Hamster: Key Features
Native to Mongolia, Campbell’s hamster (Fodop campbelli) This rodent small in size, belonging to the family cricetids. The length of this mammal in adulthood is only 9 cm, and the weight is from 35 to 60 g. That is why it was nicknamed Campbell’s dwarf hamster. However, he has a rather massive build.
His hair is short. Its belly tends to be white, while the rest of the body is brownish grey. A dark stripe runs along the entire back. Its head is triangular in shape, its snout is pointed, as are its ears, which it holds fairly erect, and its bulging eyes, relatively close together, are either black or more or less reddish, depending on the individual.
Campbell’s male hamster reaches his puberty at 23 days of age and female at 48 days of age. Each female can give birth to up to 9 cubs in a litter and may have several litters per year. Pregnancy lasts from 17 to 20 days. Campbell’s hamster is monogamous and both parents take care of their children.
This is an animal that lives in the wild in arid steppe, very fearful. Mostly sleeps during the day and lives at night, at this time looking for food. To do this, he waits until the night completely falls. This nocturnal rodent omnivorous. Therefore, its diet consists of seeds, plants and, to a lesser extent, insects and small invertebrates.
His life expectancy ranges from 18 to 36 months.
The Needs of a Campbell Hamster in Captivity
Although Campbell’s hamster is intimidating by nature, easily tamed and loves to play with their owners. He is very much appreciated for his sociable character, intelligence and incredible complaisance. This cute little rodent is very active. On the other hand, he is not very sociable with his relatives, and if he is not accustomed to living together from the first days, he can be extremely aggressive with other Campbell’s hamsters, which is even more noticeable in females of this species.
health Campbell’s hamster fragile, it’s important to respect their sleep cycles and make sure their living space is spotlessly clean at all times. Therefore, we often clean his cage from top to bottom, and the bedding needs to be changed as often as possible so that it is always dry.
It should have a fully removable cage that can be easily cleaned and should be of sufficient size, on the order of 100 x 60 s. The bottom should be covered with bedding a good thirty centimeters thick. Be careful to avoid wood shavings. On the other hand, we choose a litter specially designed for hamsters, which can be purchased at a pet store.
This little rodent need for activityit is absolutely necessary steering wheel so he can spend himself. Therefore, we place it in a cage and clean it regularly. The dimensions of the wheel must be adapted to the size of the animal so that its spine is not deformed due to the fact that it spends a lot of time on it. BUT diameter from 23 to 25 cm perfect. You must also give him toys and one tunnel so that he doesn’t get bored. Specialty stores offer a sufficient selection of all kinds of accessories for hamsters.
As for him foodfood residue should be avoided. We choose nutrient-enriched pellets and a few mixed seeds designed for these animals, but just as a supplement. daily ration food is 8 to 9 g for this dwarf species. Sometimes like gluttony, you can give him small pieces of carrots, a few dandelion leaves, a cabbage stalk, an apple or a banana. You can also buy treats for hamsters in large stores.
Food can be placed in ceramic vessel if possible so that the animal could not gnaw it. Avoid wood and plastic. But it’s better to scatter his food around the cage and hide some in his various toys. This causes him to eat more slowly, limits his sedentary lifestyle as he has to find his own food, and prevents him from gaining excess weight. In addition, we guarantee that always clean water available to him in a container that does not tip over.
Behind take care of your little NAC daily, in addition to impeccable hygieneobviously it is important to feed him correctly, without excess, to protect him from riskobesity. It is recommended that you take your small pet to the veterinarian to check its health and take action if any problems arise. Finally, to avoid fights, only one individual is placed in a cage.