Elbow eczema: symptoms, treatment

Elbow Eczema: Atopic Dermatitis or Contact Eczema?

in bend of the elbow This frequent location from’folded eczema. So he touches knee, peg, wrist and elbow Certainly.

“Elbow eczema is a localization that mainly affects children from the age of walking,” explains Dr. Solange Moore, pediatrician at the Policlinique du Parc in Saint-Soulvay. Sometimes adults also suffer. »

Elbow eczema is one of the localizations atopic dermatitis or constitutional eczema.

What is atopic dermatitis?

This is about chronic inflammatory skin disease which develops in leaps and bounds. It happens favorable genetic background development of allergies as a result of exposure to various allergens like pollen, animals… “There are families where we find atopic dermatitis,asthmafrom hay fever the pediatrician warns. Indeed, it is believed that between 50 and 70% of children with atopic eczema have mother, father, sister or brother who is affected.

Does elbow eczema go away?

Good news ! This eczema tends to fade gradually. ” Its frequency decreases markedly during puberty. where there is only 20% young people who suffer from this, then again between 4 and 5% in adulthood “, says the doctor.

“She is characterized inflammatory lesions, red, itchysometimes oozingat the level elbow bends “, says the pediatrician.

These lesions may be superinfectionr because when itching intense, the child scratches these clothes. The rash can also thicken and become dry. Then they become lichenified.

Can this eczema be prevented?

Several steps can be taken to minimize the risk of developing atopic eczema or at least limit the number of crises and their intensity.

Choose a breast, not a bottle

“You should, if possible, prioritize breastfeeding over bottled baby milk,” recommends Dr. Moore.

A 2019 study by researchers at the Children’s National Health System shows benefits exclusive breastfeeding at least the first three months of life. The latter limits the risk of serious outbreaks of eczema.

Opt for clothes made from natural materials

older boy is an annoying and can be itchy, so it’s best to avoid it,” advises Dr. Moore. For children with eczema, we prefer natural materials such as cotton. “And for Underwearworn next to the skin, we also stand for White not colors,” adds the doctor. The less colored the clothes, the less the risk of allergies.

And in the rest of the clothes, when buying, we check the labels and there we also choose natural materials: cotton, underwear, silk

Perform a double rinse

The French Eczema Association recommends the following recommendations:

• Prioritize machine wash who is leaving fewer laundry stains than what is done by hand.

Wash at 30 or 40 degrees.

• Choose hypoallergenic detergents and suitable for babies. Their formula is safer.

• Use detergent safely a small amount of.

Do not overload the machine to improve rinsing.

• Schedule double rinse if possible by car. This action allows you to ideally remove traces of detergent from the laundry.

Avoid pets

If there was already a dog, cat, rabbit or hamster in the house before the birth of the child, getting rid of him is out of the question.

“On the other hand, if there were no pets, we do not bring them into the house in the presence of a child with eczema,” advises Dr. Moore.

What precautions should be taken once the animal is already there? think about vacuum daily ; Perfect, deny pet access to the nurserythink about brush a dog or cat several times a month and preferably outdoors.

There are a few things to keep in mind, both in terms of hygiene and maintenance.

Shower instead of bath

“It’s better to give quick shower, not a bath for your child, the pediatrician recommends. And once a dayp except enough. » We prefer to choose syndet (dermatological bar or liquid gel), soap and fragrance free.

When sports practice leading to sweatyou can shower immediately afterwards, sweating may aggravate or aggravateeczema.

After the shower, we also think about dry baby wellespecially at the level of the folds, and blotting the skin with a towel, rather than rubbing.

Moisturize your skin

It is important to moisturize your skin every day with emollient cream apply one to two times a day.

During crises,hydration skin with emollient cream is not enough.

“Then it is necessary to use a topical corticosteroid cream,” the doctor explains.

Its concentration depends on the age of the child. Cream treatment topical corticosteroids should be continued until complete disappearance exacerbation of eczema.

In the video: Living with eczema

Biotherapy: a new treatment for eczema

“For severe cases of eczema in adults who do not respond to conventional therapies based on topical corticosteroids or calcineurin inhibitors, hospital teams, on an ad hoc basis, offer biotherapy treatment,” explains Dr. Moore.

The latter is practiced subcutaneously every 15 days for several months.

Biotherapy is a treatment of biological origin: based on DNA, cells, proteins, antibodies, the purpose of which is to block the inflammation associated with eczema.

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